Plastics to include ABS, Acrylic, HDPE and Lexan are used in every type of business and industry due to their diverse properties and applications.
Plastics have replaced metal as the primary material for producing a wide variety of products requiring a vast range of performance characteristics. The qualities of different types of plastic include; transparency, flexibility, stiffness, as well as resistance to wear, impact, chemicals and heat. The properties of plastics are unmatched by any other material. It is easily fabricated, thermoformed and bonded with adhesives. Its ability to guard against contamination makes it useful for food storage and sterile medical environments. Lightweight parts made from plastic also reduce packaging, shipping and installation costs.
ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) is a low cost, impact resistant plastic that can easily be machined, adhesive bonded or thermoformed plastic. ABS is available in many grades including; general purpose, machine, chemical resistant, fire-rated, UV resistant, orthotics, and FDA compliant. With many textures and colors, ABS is versatile for fabricating products that require impact and scratch resistance.or durability, including; machine housings, retail store fixtures, and instrument panels. ABS is low cost, impact resistance, easy to thermoform, machine, bond with adhesives, strong and rigid.
ACRYLIC (Poly(methyl methacrylate)) is clear, strong, rigid plastic available in many colors. Acrylic is lightweight alternative to glass due to its impact resistance, clarity and transparency. With over 90% transparency it used in many optical applications and also used for electrical insulation due to its weather resistance. Acrylic is made using three different processes; extrusion, casting and continuously manufactured.. Extrusion is used to make thin Acrylic up to ⅜ inch thickness and is best for thermoforming and adhesive bonding. Casting is used to manufacture thicker materials that are more chemical resistant and easier to machine. Continuously manufactured acrylic provides better optics and surface quality. It is also impact resistant, rigid and lightweight.
ACETAL PLASTIC OR DELRIN is a high strength, low friction, engineering plastic with low moisture absorption. It is resistant to wear and abrasion properties in wet and dry environments. Acetal is easy to machine, making it ideal for applications requiring complexity and tight tolerances. Acetal can be manufactured with two different resins, each with its own distinct qualities. Higher impact strengths at room temperatures and low temperatures. Acetal homopolymer and acetal copolymers. Stiffer than acetal copolymers, higher flexural modulus at room temperature and elevated temperature applications.
ENGRAVING PREMIUM RAW 2 PLY STOCK is heavy duty with a smooth face. Good mechanical strength, high impact strength, strong and stiff, resists scratching, excellent abrasion resistance. Good electrical properties, moisture and creep resistance, with high dimensional stability, and good luster. High chemical and stress cracking resistance to inorganic salt solutions, alkalis and many acids (strong oxidizing acids is a exception). Plastic coating, membrane-stuck and printing. Easy to thermoform, bending when heated-up, thermal forming hole-drilling, channeling and die cutting, cutting and sawing, nail, wrest and rivet. With the usual equipment and tools, it can be processed again, and is easy to bond with adhesives. A low cost plastic.
HDPE (High Density Polyethyle) plastic is a strong, durable, lightweight, chemical and water resistant plastic material. It is used in various types of applications where tensile strength impact, moisture, and corrosion resistance are required.. HDPE is easy to fabricate using thermoplastic welding processes making it an excellent choice for fabricated water tanks and chemical tanks. Other products made with HDPE include orthotic and prosthetic devices, tanks, light duty wear strips and chain guides or thermoformed applications. High density polyethylene (HDPE) is a popular for a variety of applications.
NYLON (thermoplastic polyamides) is a strong, stiff engineering plastic with outstanding bearing and wear properties. Nylon is frequently used to replace metal bearings and bushings often eliminating the need for external lubrication. Other benefits include a reduction in part weight, less operating noise, and decreased wear on mating parts. There are many different types of Nylon but the most common are Cast Nylon (Type 6) and Extruded Nylon (Type 6,6). The largest applications for Nylon are gears, cams, bearings, valve seats and other bearing and wear applications that require wear resistance, quiet operation and low coefficients of friction. Since Nylon absorbs water, they are typically not preferred for wet applications however there are grades and design methods that can make them work for specific applications.
PEEK (polyetheretherketone) is a high-performance engineering plastic with outstanding resistance to harsh chemicals, and excellent mechanical strength and dimensional stability. It is also resistant to steam and water, including salt water. PEEK has the ability to maintain stiffness at high temperatures and is suitable for continuous use at temperatures up to 482°F (250°C). This engineering plastic performs well in challenging environments such as aerospace, oil and gas, and semiconductor.
PEEK is an excellent material for a wide range of applications where thermal, chemical, and combustion properties are critical to performance. The addition of glass fiber or carbon fiber reinforcements enhances the mechanical and thermal properties of the basic PEEK material.
PET (polyethylene terephthalate, semicrystalline) is a strong, stiff engineering plastic with excellent machining characteristics, chemical resistance, and bearing and wear properties. PET is often used for food processing machinery applications where low moisture absorption and thermal expansion are required. PET is also resistant to staining and cleaning chemicals. PET and closely related PBT (Polybutylene Terephthalate) are the two basic forms of polyester materials available in machinable stock shapes today. PET offers superior wear resistance, lower friction, higher flexibility and superior dimensional stability. Internal lubricants can be added to PET during the production process to enhance the wear resistance and coefficient of friction. PET is available in several grades including FDA compliant.
POLYCARBONATE OR LEXAN (thermoplastic polymers) is best known for its impact resistance but also includes other properties like optical transparency, creep resistance, high dimensional stability and good electrical characteristics. Polycarbonate’s wide temperature limits and heat resistance offer a high melt temperature. Polycarbonates are not as water resistant as other plastics, especially higher temperatures, Polycarbonate grades include general purpose, sign, machine, glass-filled, FDA compliant, light diffusing, flame inhibiting, low flammability, abrasion resistant, bullet resistant, containment, and optical.
POLYPROPYLENE (thermoplastic polymer) is a low cost, chemical resistant plastic with excellent aesthetic qualities. It is easy to weld using thermoplastic welding equipment and is often fabricated into water and chemical tanks. Polypropylene used to make orthopedic and prosthetics products as the material is easy to drape, seam and blister form. FDA compliant polypropylene grades are available. Polypropylene is a workhorse in the plastics industry, Polypropylene is similar to high-density polyethylene, but polypropylene has several superior qualities. These properties include a lower specific gravity, more rigidity, and the ability to withstand higher temperatures. . Polypropylene is also more resistant to environmental stress cracking and damage from high impact.
PTFE (polytetrefluoroethylene) is a low friction engineering plastic with outstanding chemical, high temp, and weathering resistance. It is a soft, low friction fluoropolymer with outstanding chemical and weathering resistance. PTFE is stable at temperatures up to 500oF and it is often used in high temperature environments. PTFE also has excellent electrical insulating properties. It is available in a variety of formulations including unfilled, glass-filled, bearing, and FDA compliant grades and also used as a non-stick coating for pans and other cookware. It is non-reactive making it often used in containers and pipework for reactive and corrosive chemicals. As a lubricant, PTFE reduces friction, wear and energy consumption of machinery. Also commonly used as a graft material in surgical interventions. and frequently employed as coating on catheters.
PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is a strong, stiff, low cost plastic material that is easy to fabricate and easy to bond using adhesives or solvents. PVC is easy to weld using thermoplastic welding equipment and frequently used in the construction of tanks, valves, and piping systems. FDA compliant grade available. PVC Type 1 sheet is a very commonly used thermoplastic sheet. PVC is typically well known for resistance to flame, electrical, water, chemical, and abrasion in various applications. PVC sheet comes in various grades: Type 1 (most common, general purpose), Type 2 (more impact resistant than Type 1) for complex fabrication, and foamed PVC (lighter weight) for signage applications. PVC generally is used in various application where it’s combination of properties solve a variety of challenges for machined parts.
SINTRA OR FOAM PVC is the trusted brand leader by which all others are compared to. Sintra is lightweight, rigid and durable. It easily forms into almost any shape using wood and foam board fabrication techniques. Also heat formable and chemical resistant, superior dent and scratch resistance. Another great option are the custom colors and special cuts available.
TEFLON also know as PTFE is a low friction engineering plastic with outstanding chemical, high temp, and weathering resistance. It is a soft, low friction fluoropolymer with outstanding chemical and weathering resistance. PTFE is stable at temperatures up to 500oF and it is often used in high temperature environments. PTFE also has excellent electrical insulating properties. It is available in a variety of formulations including unfilled, glass-filled, bearing, and FDA compliant grades and also used as a non-stick coating for pans and other cookware. It is non-reactive making it often used in containers and pipework for reactive and corrosive chemicals. As a lubricant, PTFE reduces friction, wear and energy consumption of machinery. Also commonly used as a graft material in surgical interventions. and frequently employed as coating on catheters.
UHMW (Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene) also known as high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is a high performance plastic. UHMW rod is known for high impact strength, resistance to corrosive chemicals, low moisture absorption and abrasion resistance. UHMW also withstands even the harshest chemicals, making it an excellent material for applications requiring the use of caustic compounds and rigorous cleaning solvents.
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